Marketing Efficiency of Sheep Milk and its Derivatives in the Middle Area (Homs & Hama)

Khetam Idris*(1)

(1). Homs Research Center, General Commission for Scientific Agricultural Research (GCSAR), Damascus, Syria.

(*Corresponding author: Dr. Khetam Idris. E-Mail:

Received: 25/12/2016                           Accepted: 22/01/2017


This research aimed to identify the value added and marketing efficiency of Syrian sheep milk which it utilized in livestock products. The central region of Syria (Homs and Hama) was selected, it has a comparative advantages of processing sheep milk products, according to a questionnaire of sheep owners sample. The questionnaire depended upon the type of breeding (resident, semi-nomadic and nomadic) in 2011. The results showed that the marketing of fresh milk is very important for the three groups of sheep breeders, followed by yogurt, then cheese, then the rest of the products, which has less comparative advantage such as shanklish, that made for the resident breeders only. The results showed that home manufacturing process was profitable, where the value added was achieved by manufacturing sheep milk into cheese, labna, ghee, yogurt, shanklish, and qarishah, respectively. The results showed that there are many marketing chains to market the products, starts from the producers who sell directly to the consumers, or to the retailers or to the wholesalers, or to the cheese makers. Heckman model with two steps was used to determine the marketing efficiency of sheep milk and its products. The effects of independent variables on farmers’ decisions to participate in the marketing with the best way were studied. The independent variables that affected positively milk processing and the quantities marketed were: The education level of the breeder, number of working years in the field of sheep breeding, stability, getting a loan, cattle size and the price of milk and cheese. While the independent variables that have significant and negative affect, in terms of the reduction of milk processing, and marketing were: Price of milk, permanent Bedouin, and distance to the nearest market to sell products.

Key words: Value-added, Marketing chains, Marketing efficiency, Marketing of sheep milk.

Full paper in Arabic: PDF

The Role of Women in Improving the Added Value of Dairy Products in Sweida Province of Syria

Kenan Fawaz kamal Aldeen*(1)

(1). Socio Economic Research Administration, General Commission for Scientific Agricultural Research (GCSAR). Damascus, Syria.

(*Corresponding author: Dr. Kenan Fawaz Kamal Aldeen. E-Mail:

Received: 17/11/2015                                      Accepted: 15/03/2016


This research aimed to identify the proportion of female breeders of cows, who make dairy products, and study the effect of socio- economic variables affecting the women’s decision in making these products, and to determine the value-added, which is caused by the female breeders that due to the dairy products process, in Sweida, Syria. A stratified sample sized of 192 cow breeders was selected, based on a field questionnaire during 2014. The results showed that 82.3 % of cows’ breeders make one product at least of dairy products. The results also showed that 100% of them make yoghurt and labna, 98.7% make cheese, 72.2 % make ghee, 66.5 % make kishk, and 46.8 % make Aelchencklish. The results, also clarified significant negative relations between the dependent variable, which was a dummy variable represented by the women’s decision of making dairy products, and each of the independent variables involving, the educational level of a woman, having another job outside the house, price of milk. While there was a positive relations with each of the independent variables including, the families’ size, and economic awareness. Results also showed that the value-added, which is caused by women from making 1 kg of milk, is accounted to 10sp for yoghurt, 17.4sp of labna, 8sp for cheese, 9.2sp for ghee, 10.3sp Aelchencklish , and 81.4sp of the kishk, which achieved the highest profit as a result of making of milk.

Key words: Rural woman, Dairy Products, Value added.

Full paper in Arabic: دور المرأة في تحسين القيمة المضافة لمنتجات الألبان في محافظة السويداء من سورية