The Role of Women in Improving the Added Value of Dairy Products in Sweida Province of Syria

Kenan Fawaz kamal Aldeen*(1)

(1). Socio Economic Research Administration, General Commission for Scientific Agricultural Research (GCSAR). Damascus, Syria.

(*Corresponding author: Dr. Kenan Fawaz Kamal Aldeen. E-Mail:

Received: 17/11/2015                                      Accepted: 15/03/2016


This research aimed to identify the proportion of female breeders of cows, who make dairy products, and study the effect of socio- economic variables affecting the women’s decision in making these products, and to determine the value-added, which is caused by the female breeders that due to the dairy products process, in Sweida, Syria. A stratified sample sized of 192 cow breeders was selected, based on a field questionnaire during 2014. The results showed that 82.3 % of cows’ breeders make one product at least of dairy products. The results also showed that 100% of them make yoghurt and labna, 98.7% make cheese, 72.2 % make ghee, 66.5 % make kishk, and 46.8 % make Aelchencklish. The results, also clarified significant negative relations between the dependent variable, which was a dummy variable represented by the women’s decision of making dairy products, and each of the independent variables involving, the educational level of a woman, having another job outside the house, price of milk. While there was a positive relations with each of the independent variables including, the families’ size, and economic awareness. Results also showed that the value-added, which is caused by women from making 1 kg of milk, is accounted to 10sp for yoghurt, 17.4sp of labna, 8sp for cheese, 9.2sp for ghee, 10.3sp Aelchencklish , and 81.4sp of the kishk, which achieved the highest profit as a result of making of milk.

Key words: Rural woman, Dairy Products, Value added.

Full paper in Arabic: دور المرأة في تحسين القيمة المضافة لمنتجات الألبان في محافظة السويداء من سورية