The Role of Women in Improving the Added Value of Dairy Products in Sweida Province of Syria

Kenan Fawaz kamal Aldeen*(1)

(1). Socio Economic Research Administration, General Commission for Scientific Agricultural Research (GCSAR). Damascus, Syria.

(*Corresponding author: Dr. Kenan Fawaz Kamal Aldeen. E-Mail:

Received: 17/11/2015                                      Accepted: 15/03/2016


This research aimed to identify the proportion of female breeders of cows, who make dairy products, and study the effect of socio- economic variables affecting the women’s decision in making these products, and to determine the value-added, which is caused by the female breeders that due to the dairy products process, in Sweida, Syria. A stratified sample sized of 192 cow breeders was selected, based on a field questionnaire during 2014. The results showed that 82.3 % of cows’ breeders make one product at least of dairy products. The results also showed that 100% of them make yoghurt and labna, 98.7% make cheese, 72.2 % make ghee, 66.5 % make kishk, and 46.8 % make Aelchencklish. The results, also clarified significant negative relations between the dependent variable, which was a dummy variable represented by the women’s decision of making dairy products, and each of the independent variables involving, the educational level of a woman, having another job outside the house, price of milk. While there was a positive relations with each of the independent variables including, the families’ size, and economic awareness. Results also showed that the value-added, which is caused by women from making 1 kg of milk, is accounted to 10sp for yoghurt, 17.4sp of labna, 8sp for cheese, 9.2sp for ghee, 10.3sp Aelchencklish , and 81.4sp of the kishk, which achieved the highest profit as a result of making of milk.

Key words: Rural woman, Dairy Products, Value added.

Full paper in Arabic: دور المرأة في تحسين القيمة المضافة لمنتجات الألبان في محافظة السويداء من سورية

The Effect of Socio- Economic Variables on the Safety Environmental Practices of the Rural Woman in Damascus Countryside Governorate

Kenan Fawazkamal Aldeen(1)

(1). Socio-Economic Research Administration, General Commission for Scientific Agricultural Research (GCSAR), Damascus, Syria.

(Corresponding author: Dr. Kenan Fawazkamal Aldeen, Socio-Economic Research Administration, (GCSAR), Damascus, Syria. E-mail:

Received: 22/02/ 2015                                     Accepted: 25/05/ 2015


This research aimed to identify the environmental practices of rural women farmers, and to determine the impact of the socio- economic variables on the safety environmental practices in of Damascus countryside, Syria (Douma, Al Qtaifa, Al Tal, Yabroud, Al Nabk, Al Zbadani, Qatana, and Darya). To fulfill the objectives of the research, an analytical field study for the environmental practices of the rural women was conducted. A stratified sample size of 159 rural women was selected, on the basis of a questionnaire, which was filled by personal interview during 2011. The results showed that 57.2 % of the researchable were doing incorrect environmental practices. The results also showed a significant correlation between all of the independent variables i.e. researchable age, educational level, role in plant and animal production activities, the educational level of the husband, the hours number of housekeeping and agricultural work, social and health awareness, other tasks, and the dependent variable i.e. the safety environmental practices. Using the binary logistic regression analysis to determine the effect of the independent variables on the dependent variable represented by the safety environmental practices of the rural women, the results exhibited the contribution percentage of the independent variables was (76.6%) of the dependent variable.

Key words: Environmental practices, Rural woman, Socio- economic variables

Full paper in Arabic: أثر المتغيرات الاقتصادية والاجتماعية في سلامة الممارسات البيئية للمرأة الريفية في محافظة ريف دمشق