Using Paulownia leaves as feed additive in poultry diets: a review

Hashim Hadi Al-Jebory(1)* , Mohammed Khalil Ibrahim Al-Saeedi(2) , Ali Ahmed Alaw Qotbi(1) Faadhil Rassol Al-Khfaji(1Israa L. Al-Jaryan(1) , Nihad Abdul-Lateef Ali(1), 1Salman, K.A.A(3), Majeed Ajafar(1), Tahreer M Al-Thuwaini(1) ,   Elsagheer, M.A.(4) and Amirreza Safaei(5)

(1). Department of animal production, agriculture college, Al-Qasim green university- Babylon,  Iraq.

 (2). Department of Environmental, College of Environmental Sciences, Al-Qasim Green University, Babylon, Iraq.

(3) Department of animal production, College of Agricultural Engineering Sciences, Baghdad university, Iraq

(4).Animal production department, Faculty of agriculture, Al-Azhar University, Assiut- Egypt.

(5).Animal Science Research Institute, Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization, Karaj, Iran.

(*Corresponding author, Dr. Hashim Al-Jebory-  Email address:

Received:   23/12/2022       Accepted: 10/08/2023


The rapid changes in the course of the countries of the world have greatly increased the prices of fodder materials. It has become imperative to search for feed alternatives that provide the requirements of poultry in terms of energy, protein, vitamins, and mineral elements. Paulownia or princess tree (scientific name: P. tomentosa) is a genus of plants belonging to the Paulownia family of the Lamiaceae order, It is a tree that has 6 to 17 varieties and is one of the fastest growing and most commercially widespread trees for the production of hardwoods, its fragrant flowers characterize it. The Paulownia is a fast-growing tree, the Paulownia tree can live from 85 to 100 years, and the Paulownia tree becomes abundantly shaded within 16 to 18 months, and reaches a height of 9 meters in three years. Large trees bloom flowers such as lavender and jasmine, and flowers are add to the daily authority of some people. Some civilizations use the leaves to feed animals, and their original home in China, as it contain good levels of energy, protein, potassium, manganese, calcium, phosphorus, and zinc. Paulownia can be very useful in laying hens diets, as these breeds need low amounts of protein. Therefore, the current review aims to shed light on some studies that dealt with the importance of bologna as a feed additive for poultry.

Keywords: paulownia, poultry, nutrition, feed alternatives.

Full paper in Arabic: pdf