Identification of Honeybee Prevalent in Iraq According to the Geometric Morphometry Front Wing Using the Computer Program (identifly)

Muslim Ashor Al-Etby * (1) and Ayad A. AbdelKader (1)

(1). Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture, University of Basrah, Basrah, Iraq.

(*Corresponding author: Dr. Muslim Ashor Al-Etby E-mail:

Received:25/06/2022               Accepted: 23/10/2022


This study included 13 regions: Basra, Babel and Wasit Province from Iraq. A total of 505 honeybee workers was used for this study. The geometric morphometry wing technique was used for identification Iraqi honeybee strains by applying computer program, the results of current study showed that the bee population distributed in two evolutionary lineages, the first one is   evolutionary lineage C of the northern Mediterranean and southeastern Europe, and the evolutionary linage M of the western Mediterranean and northwestern Europe. Whereas the subspecies were diagnosed to the Apis mellifera intermissa that was included in the population group of the Grendland, Al-Baradiyah, Al-Harith, Hamdan, and Yusufan region, While the Apis mellifera mellifera was identified for each of the populations of Al- Gunaina, Shatt Al-Arab, Karmat Ali and Qurna region, Whereas the Apis mellifera carnica was identified for the population group of Al- Kharbtlia, Al-Tanuma, Babel and Wasit Province, This study is considered the first time of its type in Iraq.

Keywords: Diagnose, geometric wing, morphology, Iraq, honeybee races identification, Identifly.

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