Fish Diversity at Three Estuaries Coastal Rivers in Latakia ‎Governorate, Syria

Amjad Mtawej*(1) Amir Ibrahim(2) and Mohamad Hassan(3)  

(1). Directorate of Agriculture in Latakia, Ministry of Agriculture and Agrarian Reform, Damascus, Syria.

(2). Department of Marine Biology, High Institute of Marine Research, Tishreen University, Latakia, Syria.

(3). Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agriculture, Tishreen University, Latakia, Syria.

(*Corresponding author: Dr. Amjad Mtawej. E-Mail:

Received: 25/08/2020                               Accepted: 22/09/2020


Some juveniles fish and fingerlings prefer coastal estuarine environments for feeding, growth and reproduction. This research was done at three rivers estuaries of the coastal waters of Latakia i.e. AL-Kabir AL-Shamali River, AL-Sanawbar River and AL-Qandil River, during the period Jan. 2014 to Dec. 2015. Each station was divided into three different sampling sites: fresh water station (river stream), estuary station and a marine station. Fish were collected bi-monthly and several fishing methods had been used for this purpose. Some of the physical and chemical properties of the water were measured, and the locations and times of fingerling presence in the estuary were determined. Results revealed the presence of 42 fish species, distributed over 22 families and 6 orders. The largest number of species was in AL-Kabir AL-Shamali station, then in AL- Qandil station and finally in AL- Sanawbar station. The results revealed the existence of several fish species, which may be used in mari culture.

Key words: Fish diversity, Estuaries, Mariculture, Fish Fingerlings, Syria.

Full paper in Arabic: PDF