The Effect of Applying the Cooling System on the Temperature ‎and Humidity of the Apiary and Cells

Husain Ali Mehdi*(1) Alaa Sabeeh Jabbar(1) and Taha Y. Al-Edany(1)

(1). Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture, University of Basrah, Iraq.

(* Corresponding author: Dr. Hussain Mehdi.

Received: 09/07/2020                               Accepted: 12/09/2020


The research was conducted at Shatt al-Arab district, the fourth district of the island in Basra governorate during June, July and August in 2018 and 2019. A cooling system was established in one of the research apiaries using water to reduce the heat inside the apiary and determine its effect on the honey bee cells, which were distributed straightness at the apiary, and the other apiary had no cooling system for comparison. The results showed that in the cooled apiary the temperature decreased inside the beehives to 33.67 °c, at a time when the outside air temperature of the apiary was 49.33 °c. The highest temperature reduction inside the hive was 33.93% of the cooled cells and the cooled apiary, either less. The percentage of heat reduction was 14.57% of the cells of uncooled apiaries. Therefore, it is recommended to adopt mechanisms that reduce the temperature of the apiary and the beehives in hot months to continue the activity and life of bees.

Key words: Cooling system, Beehives, Honey bees.

Full paper in Arabic: PDF