Effect of Planting Dates on Yield of Chickpea (Cicer Arietinum L.) Because of the Infection with Gram Pod Borer (Helicoverpa Armigera)

Mashhour Nawaf Ghanem*(1)

(1). Swieda Agriculture esearch Center, General Commission for Scientific Agricultural Research (GCSAR), Sweida, Syria.

(*Corresponding author: Dr. Mashhour Nawaf Ghanem.
E-Mail: mashhourghanem@gmail.com).

Received: 21/06/ 2015                                     Accepted: 22/09/ 2015


The experiment was conducted at Hoot Research Station in Sweida/Syria, during the growing seasons (2010/2011 and 2011/2012). Five winter dates and 4 spring dates were conducted. Ghab3 variety was used for winter planting and a local variety was used for spring planting. This experiment aims to determine the optimum planting date of rain fed chickpea in winter and spring planting, to achieve the highest yield and escape of the infestation by Gram Pod-Borer. The results showed that the highest yield was obtained at the early planting at the end of December (818.8 kg/ha) for winter planting, and end of January (537.6 kg/ha) for spring planting. The infection rate decreased directly by early planting for winter (5.14%), while it increased directly for earliness planting for spring (9.34%). The study concluded the possibility of growing winter chickpea in the second part of December, and to grow the local variety on early spring, and control the gram pod borer at the same time, to get the best result of yield and low infection.

Key words: Chickpea, Planting dates, Gram pod borer.

Full paper in Arabic:

تأثير مواعيد الزراعة في إنتاجية محصول الحمّص (.Cicer Arietimun L) نتيجة الإصابة بثاقبة القرون (Helicoverpa Armigera)