The Effect of Irrigation Methods on the Productive and Qualitative Traits of Fodder Beet (Beta Vulgaris L.)in the Spring

Reham Bakkar(1)*, Faraj Naoum (1), Muhammad Manhal Al Zoubi (2) and Abdulghani Alkhaldi(2)

(1). Department of Rural Engineering, College of Agricultural Engineering, University of Aleppo, Aleppo, Syria.

(2). General Commission for Scientific Agriculture Research, Syria.

(*Corresponding author: Reham Bakkar, E-mail: rehambkr123sy@gmail.com)

Received:7/05/2022       Accepted:  21/09/2022

Abstract: 

The research was carried out at the Agricultural Scientific Research Center in Homs Governorate, affiliated with the General Authority for Scientific Agricultural Research. This research aims to study the effect of irrigation methods (surface, sprinkler, and drip) on the productive and qualitative characteristics of forage beet (spring hand or springtime) during the 2021 agricultural season, according to a randomized complete sector design with three replications. Irrigation treatments included (surface irrigation – sprinkler irrigation – drip irrigation). The results of the analysis of variance showed that there were no significant differences in root weight among the studied irrigation methods, the root weight ranged between (49.92 tons/ha for surface irrigation and 44.64 tons/ha for drip irrigation), and the differences were 0. It outperformed the surface irrigation method by about 25.5% and the drip irrigation method by about 8.9%, and the efficiency of irrigation water use was higher by the drip irrigation method than by the surface irrigation method by about 15.2%. The results also showed that there were no significant differences between irrigation methods in the vegetative yield, while the surface irrigation method outperformed the sprinkler and drip irrigation methods in root length, root diameter, and Brix percentage.

Keywords: irrigation methods, productive and quality characteristics, fodder beet.

Full paper in Arabic:  pdf