Effect of Organic and Mineral Fertilizers on Pomegranate Tree Morphological Characteristics and its Yield

Falak Shirm (1) *

(1). Horticulture department, Faculty of agriculture, university of Aleppo, Aleppo, Syria.

(*Corresponding author: Falak Shirm . E-Mail: falakshirm@gmail.com).

Received: 8/04/2021                          Accepted: 22/12/2021


The research was carried out in Tal Arn (countryside of Aleppo) on pomegranate at the age of 10 years where fertilizing with mineral fertilizers and organic fertilizers  (com and goat dung  and vegetable compost) . The effect of these fertilizers on morphological  characteristics was detailed (average length of branches and number of leaves and flowers ). The phonological characteristics at the beginning and the end of flowering and maturity , the characteristics of the fruits , weight of the fruits and the small fruits,  the juiciness ratio , acidity and the percentage of soluble solids and sugars in addition to the tree productivity.The results indicated that fertilization  with mineral and organic. Fertilizers surpassed the control  with significant differences in most  tree characteristics .Fertilizer treatment with vegetable compost showed the highest  productivity of the pomegranate tree which amounted to  42.a kg , with the highest values of the fruit characteristics ( weight of fruits was 554.3 g  , juiciness  ratio was 71.3%  , weight was 204.3 ml , ratio of soluble solids was 16.7%  , sugar ratio was 6.1% ) compared to the control where it was respectively . Also the mineral fertilization treatment outperformed the rate  of the length increasing of the branches 41.3 cm , the number of leaves were 38.2 compared to rest of transactions and control .While there were no significant differences between fertilizing with cow and goat dung and mineral fertilization in most of results .

Keywords: Pomegranate, organic fertilizer ,cow and goat dung ,and vegetable compost.

Full paper in Arabic: pdf