The Impact of Economic Liberalization Policy in the Productive and Economic Indicators of the Citrus Crop in Syria

Ismail Mohamad  Omran*(1), Ghassan Kalil Yacoub(1) and        Mahmoud Mostafa Alio (1)

(1). Dep. Agricultural Economics., Fac. Agric., Tishreen University., Lattakia, Syria.         

(*Corresponding author: Eng: Ismail Mohamad Omran E.mail:

Received: 18/06/2020                                 Accepted: 19/07/2020


     The aim of this research was to identify the impact of the economic liberalization policy on the requirements of agricultural production and the total costs and the net dunum yield of the citrus crop, in addition to studying the impact of this policy on productive and economic indicators, depending on secondary data issued by the Ministry of Agriculture and Agricultural Reform in Syria for a time series (2004-2017), as it was divided into three phases: (2004-2007), (2008-2011), (2012-2017), and the study also used descriptive statistical analysis methods (averages, and percentages, difference coefficient), and indicators of economic efficiency and productivity, and the results showed an increase in the costs of production requirements by (949.68)% due to the increase in subsidies by the state over production requirements, and in contrast, the net dunum yield decreased by (38.9)% compared to the period before the economic liberalization, and The study showed that the application of economic reform policy and programs led to a decrease in the total revenue ratio to the total costs of the citrus crop at a rate of about (25.7)% compared to the pre-liberation period, while the rate of increase in the total costs amounted to (361.2)%, and this led to an increase in the average cost 1 kg citrus fruits from (7 SP) to (30 SP), and it was clear from this that the implementation of the liberalization policy led to an increase in the average cost of 1 kg citrus fruits by (328.6)%, as for production indicators, at the time they increased In it the area cultivated with citrus fruits increased by (32.1%), and production increased by (31.3). The productivity per hectare remained almost constant with a very slight increase rate of about (0.4)% compared to the period before the economic liberalization.

Keywords: Agriculture Support, Agricultural Politics, economic Liberalization, Production costs.                                                                                             

Full paper in Arabic: PDF