Behavior of Some Bean Genotypes Vicia faba L. Under the Environmental Conditions of Eastern Aleppo

Hasan Al-Assaf(1), Khald al-mohammad (1), Abdullah Al-youssef* (2)

(1). Dept. of orchards, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Aleppo.

(2). General Commission for Scientific Agricultural Research

 (*Corrsponding author: Dr. Abdullah Al-youssef.

Received: 06/02/2019                               Accepted: 09/07/2019


The research was aimed to select the best genotypes according to their production performance and the characteristics associated with yield under the conditions of the eastern region of Aleppo. The plant material was planted with 74 Inbred lines and 4 local cultivars (Improved Municipal, Hama 2, Hama 3) and the Cypriot cultivar according to Randomized complete block design  with three replications and studied the most important productive attributes and their correlation with yield and calculated the broad sense Heritability (h2B.s) and estimated the coefficients of phenotypic and genotypic correlation between the studied traits and yield, and the GGE Biplot was used to study the relationship between studied traits. The results showed significant differences between the genotypes for all the studied traits. The G24 genotype distinguished the highest value of the number of pods per plant  (41) and the number of seeds per plant (259). G69 showed the highest value for the number of seed per pod (6) The genotype G37 recorded the highest value of seed weight per plant (94.3) and the genotype G9 was produced the highest yield (3777.8) compared with all studied genotypes Genetic variation was the highest for yield trait, and broad sense heritability was the highest value for both biological yield and seed weight per plant (99%). The genetic correlation was significant between most of the traits. The GGE Biplot analysis showed that the best genotype combines these traits was G24 .

Keyword: Bean, Genotypic Correlation, Phenotypic Correlation, Heritability.

Full paper in Arabic: PDF