Mohammad Wati (1)* and Ahmad Marouf (1)
(1). Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Aleppo, Aleppo, Syria.
(*Corresponding author: Mohammad Wati, e-mail: Mohammadwetty93@gmail.com )
The bushes of three pomegranate cultivars were pruned Punica granatum L Cultivated in the Neirab area during the agricultural season 2018-2019 to study the effect of this on vegetative growth and fruit production according to the design of complete random sectors with different shear levels (0-20-30-40-50%- the farmer attestation) The results of the studied cultivars (sweet French – French sour – Laffan sour) indicated that fruit pruning by cutting 50% of last year’s growth leads to an increase in annual vegetative longitudinal growth at a rate of 23.24 cm, and the leaf surface of the same cut level is 8.32 cm2 / leaf, While the number of flowers was distinguished by the two levels of pruning, 30-40%, according to the two types of wood (old 12.33-11.33 flower/branch), and (modern 19.43-15.58-16.4 flower/branch). Whereas, the 40% pruning level gave the best results with the percentage of internodes in the three varieties: 37.67-35.33-41.00%, which increased the rates of knots and fruiting. At pruning levels 40-50% for the three varieties, 54.94 kg/tree, the chemical and quality specifications of the fruits also improved.
Key words: vegetative growth, flowering, flat leaf, fruiting, productivity, pomegranate cultivar.
Full paper in Arabic: pdf