Effect of Mother Corm Size on Growth and Productivity of saffron (Crocus sativus. L) under Al-Ghab Region Conditions

Ola Kajo * (1)

(1).           Field Crops Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Tishreen University, Lattakia, Syria.

(*Corresponding author: Dr. ola Kaajo, .Email: olakajo0932@yahoo.com).  

Received: 29/12 /2021                Accepted: 7/03/2022


   This research was conducted in the Al-Ghab area to study the effect of mother corm size on the growth of a saffron plant, stigma yield, and production of new daughter corms during two growing seasons 2018 and 2019. Three different sizes of diameter corns (3-3.5 ±0.25 Cm, 2-2.5 ±0.25 Cm, and 1-1.5 ±0.25 cm) were tested and the experiment was carried out as a randomized complete block design with three replications. Results showed that mother corm size has a significant effect on some vegetative growth parameters and stigma yield. Both the number of shoots and leaves/corm were significantly higher in the large corms with a diameter (3-3.5 ±0.25 Cm) compared with those small with a diameter (1-1.5 ±0.25 Cm). In contrast, no significant differences were found in the leaf length between the large and small corms. Significant differences were found in the number of flowers/corm and length and dry weight of stigma between the large mother corms and both medium and small corms. A positive correlation has been shown between the size of the mother corm planted and the number, diameter, and weight of the daughter corms produced.

Keywords: saffron, corms size, stigma productivity, reproduction coefficient.

Full paper in Arabic: pdf