Roof Gardens in the Arabic Heritage Texts

Rima Younes(1) and Mohamed Hisham Alnaasan*(1)

(1). Applied Science History Department, Institute of the History of Arabic Science, University of Aleppo, Aleppo, Syria.

(*Corresponding author: Dr. Mohamed Hisham Alnaasan. E-Mail:

Received: 01/04/2019                               Accepted: 08/05/2019


Man has known the gardens since ancient times. Gardens have emerged since the beginning of human agriculture around houses, because of their spiritual and economic benefits. However, with time, techniques were developed for cultivation and irrigation, after that man started to think of entertainment and comfort, so he has been interested in plants species that please his eyes. Landscaping is considered an art of no less importance than other types of arts such as music and painting. It reflects the extent of human development, the development of techniques and the breadth of imagination. The presence of gardens is not modern, but is characterized by modernity and ancientness at the same time. The human view of the garden has not changed throughout the ages. It is a symbol of renewal, vitality, self-comfort, and an attempt to escape the burdens of life. Man has developed and transferred gardens from one country to another, so that different kinds of gardens have emerged. This research highlighted on the roof gardens of Arab scientific heritage, which were discovered from heritage texts, where these gardens were mentioned in the century (5 AH / 11 AD) and were overlooked in many sources and references. The types of cultivated plants were mentioned in the heritage texts, and the method of planting and transporting them was also mentioned, irrigated and coordinated. These gardens served as a lung and a respite of the building, adding an economic revenue to the population.

Keywords: Roof gardens, Heritage gardens, Heritage texts.
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