Comparison of Production and Quality Traits of Fodder Beet ‎‎(Beta vulgaris var Crasssa) under two Winter Sowing Dates in ‎Homs Governorate

Julnar Mansour(1) Entessar Al-Jbawi*(2) Ahmad Muhanna(1) and Faddi Abbas(3)

(1). Faculty of Agriculture, Crops Department. Al Baath University, Syria.

(2). Sugar Beet Department, Crops Research Administration, General Commission for Scientific Agricultural Research, (GCSAR), Damascus, Syria.

(3). Homs Research Center, (GCSAR), Damascus, Syria.

(*Corresponding author: Dr. Entessar Al JBawi. E-mail: dr.entessara@gmail.com and dr.entessara@gcsar.gov.sy).

Received: 01/03/2020                              Accepted: 22/03/2020

Abstract

The field experiment was conducted at the General Commission for Scientific Agriculture Research (GCSAR), Homs Research Center during 2017/2018 and 2018/2019 seasons, to compare production and quality traits of five monogerm fodder beet varieties, i.e. Caribou, Varians, SV Four 16, Tarine and Lipari. The experiment was sown in winter (mid of February and mid Mars). A split plot design was used, with three replicates. The results showed the superiority of mid-February sowing date  to get higher values of production traits (root and shoot yields) for all studied varieties. While sowing fodder beet in mid-Mars is better if the purpose was to reserve the crop as dry forage and give it later for the animals, because this date gave higher dry matter. The results also showed that the monogerm variety Lipari was the best for most of the production and quality traits as compared with the other varieties.  The study recommend growing fodder beet in mid-February to mid-Mars under Homs conditions, but after conducting a complementary researches concerns the other agricultural treatments as, lifting time, plant spacing,  rate of fertilizer and applications …etc, and also to test more monogerm and multigerm new varieties from different sources.

Key words: Fodder beet, Sowing date, Production traits, Quality traits, Varieties.

Full paper in Arabic: PDF