Economic Assessment of Legumes Crops Cultivation in Hama Governorate – Salamieh District

Moammar Dayoub*(1) and Rdah Fatom(1)

(1). Agricultural Research Center of Salamieh, General Commission for Scientific Agricultural Research (GCSAR), Damascus, Syria.

(*Corresponding author: Dr. Moammar Dayoub. E-Mail:

Received: 01/02/2017                    Accepted: 13/07/2017


Legumes crops have a vital role in nutrition and in crop rotation. This study was conducted to assess the productivity and economic efficiency of some legumes crops (feed-fodder) in Salamieh district, Hama governorate, during 2011/2012 season. A random sample of 110 farmers were selected according to an application prepared for the purpose of the research. The results showed a high cost of the seed up to 19.76% of the total costs, while the cost of harvesting achieved up to 36% of the total costs, due to manual harvesting. The lentils and grass pea were profitable for the farmers at Salamieh district, where the average of overall rate of profit was (7.67, 21.92%) and the rate of the changing asset was (1.32 and 1.53) S.P. respectively. This is a proof of the investment efficiency of the available resources and production increase. While the profitability of chickpeas and vetch did not exceed 4%, and the rates of the changing asset were (1.21،1.26) S.P. respectively. Also, the results showed that the economic efficiency of all crops was greater than one. Grass peas had the highest economic efficiency (1.22), which indicates the efficiency of farmers in the use of fixed and variable capital. and thus, the feasibility of cultivation legumes crops in Salamieh. This study concluded to expand grass pea cultivation, as long as marketing market is available, also, improved varieties for automated harvesting, and high-productivity, to improve the farmers income and productivity.
Key words: Economic evaluation, Legumes crops, Costs, Profitability.

Full paper in Arabic: PDF