Samer Nasser*(1) Talal Ameen(1) and Hafez Mahfoud(2)
(1). Forestry and Environment Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Tishreen University, Latakia, Syria.
(2). Directorate of Biotechnology, Latakia Research Center, General Commission for Scientific Agricultural Research GCSAR, Damascus, Syria.
(*Corresponding author: Eng. Samer Nasser. E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Received: 04/11/2018 Accepted: 25/02/2018
The study was conducted on 27 species of Ceratonia siliqua L. in the years 2014 and 2015 in the northwestern region of Latakia Governorate, which is considered one of the most important natural spread areas in Syria, in order to survay its spread and characterization morphologically to develop a classification key. The carob genotypes were surveyed in four locations (Daqaqa, Wadi Qandil, Um Al-Toyoor, and Al-Basset), and characterized morphologically based on 21 characteristics of the vegetative, syphilis, fruit and seed parts. The variation of the fruit tree was only 56%, and the cultivars were divided into three independent groups, compared to 53%, which were obtained by the analysis of the studied traits which were divided into five groups. The classification keys and morphological identity were obtained for the carob genotypes in the studied area. T8 genotype in Um Al-Toyoor location was superior in its fruits characters compared with the other genotypes.
Key words: Carob (Ceratonia siliqua L.), Classification key, Morphological genotype, Cluster analysis.
Full Paper in Arabic: PDF