Tala Al Fozo*(1)
(1). Homs Agricultural Research Center, General Commission for Scientific Agricultural Research GCSAR, Damascus, Syria.
(*Corresponding author: Dr. Tala Al Fozo. E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Received: 31/08/2019 Accepted: 27/10/2019
This research was carried out during the period (2016- 2018) at Homs Research Center, General Commission for Scientific Agricultural Research (GCSAR), Syria, in order to study the effect of pollination types (self, cross, and free pollination) of some olive varieties (Olea europaea) on qualitative and quantities traits of fruits and seeds. According to the cross- pollination of olive varieties namely, AlKaissi (♀), Al Beareny (♂), Al Sorani (♂), and Al–Frantoio (♂), the results showed that there were some changes in qualitative characteristics (fruits and seed shape) beside some quantitative changes i.e. fruit and seed weight, more over the self-compatibility of Al Beareny was partial. The varieties Al Beareny, Al Sorani and Al–Frantoio can’t be considered as a good pollinators. Also, the results showed the effect of crossing of Al–Frantoio (♀) X Jlot (♂) was on the quantitative characteristics of fruits and seed. Moreover Jlot variety was self-incompatibility. Whereas Jlot variety was a pollinator for Frantoio. Besides, the effect of crossing of Al–Shamlali (♀) X Jlot (♂) was on the quantitative characteristics of fruits and seed. Moreover Al–Shamlali variety was self-compatibility. Whereas Jlot variety was a pollinator for Al–Shamlali.
Key words: Olea europaea L., Cross-pollination, Self-compatibility.
Full paper in Arabic: PDF